Rich of deposits of iron, the Isle of Elba given back possible the to rise some Etruscan Civility
and then the military success of Rome, the whose soldiers used like arm the javelin with point of iron to lose, arms possible alone with a boundless availability of iron.
The emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
was exiled to Elba, and some villas are left testimony: Villa of the Mills
situated in Portoferraio, with a magnificent view on the sea and the summer residence of the past, Villa San Martino rented in the periphery of the small citizen. More recently, the island is well-known (also abroad) for its wine (particularly the random, sweet wine liquoroso from dessert that often accompanies the typical one "crushes Briaca
The two large sieges of the half of the XVII century and the battles fought under the wall of the fortress of Longone
, gave teaching and valid motive to the Italo-Spanishes for the construction of a defence wall from which was possible to block, with the shooting intercrossed of the guns, any attempt to to force the inlet of Longone and Millstone.
"In the year 1678, reigning the majesty of the unvanquished Carlo, King of the Spains, the most excellent Don Ferdinando Foxardo (...), ordered to start this stronghold, being Governor of the Square of Longone
for its Majesty".